News for June 2015

This month we have a number of results that are related to query complexity though not directly related to property testing.

Diamond Sampling for Approximate Maximum All-pairs Dot-product (MAD) Search by Grey Ballard, Tamara G. Kolda, Ali Pinar and C. Seshadhri (arXiv). For a long time we have been hoping to use our tools and techniques to solve problems that are useful in the real world One such problem which has importance in the real life applications is, given two sets of vectors the problem is to find the t pairs of vectors with the highest dot product. In this paper they use clever sampling techniques to design algorithms which are better than the state-of-the-art algorithms. They not only give theoretical guarantee but also validate their results empirically.  Bridging the gap between theory and practice is an extremely important at the same time a very challenging job. We hope more work will be done in this direction.

Sub-linear Upper Bounds on Fourier dimension of Boolean Functions in terms of Fourier sparsity by Swagato Sanyal (arXiv). Understanding the relationship between Fourier dimension of a Boolean function and sparsity is an important problem. In this paper a better bound on the Fourier dimension in terms of sparsity is obtained. The main technique is to use the fact that the Fourier dimension is equivalent to the the non-adaptive parity decision tree and then bounding the parity decision tree in terms of sparsity.

Relationship between Deterministic Query Complexity, Randomized Query Complexity and Quantum Query Complexity.   In the world of query complexity understanding the exact relationship between the the various models of computation is the main problem. It is known that Deterministic Query Complexity, Randomized Query Complexity and Quantum Query complexity are all polynomially related. But the exact polynomial relation between them is not known. Last month there was a sudden burst of activity in this area with three papers addressing this problem coming out is a span of two weeks.  In the papers Separations in Query Complexity Based on Pointer Functions by Andris Ambainis, Kaspars Balodis, Aleksandrs Belovs, Troy Lee, Miklos Santha and Juris Smotrovs (arXiv) and Towards Better Separation between Deterministic and Randomized Query Complexity by Sagnik Mukhopadhyay Swagato Sanyal (arXiv) it is proved that the Randomized Query Complexity and the Deterministic Query Complexity are quadratically related and that this bound is tight up to logarithmic factors. Very soon after in A Super-Grover Separation Between Randomized and Quantum Query Complexities by Shalev Ben-David (arXiv) it was proved that the separation between the Quantum Query Complexity and Randomized query Complexity is super quadratic. With these three results our knowledge about the query complexity is slightly more clearer.

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